Oxford, Bodleian Library, Hatton 113 (5210)

Present Location
Repository
Collection
Shelfmark

113 (5210)

Medieval Provenance

General Information

Ker

331

Gnuess/Lapidge

637

Summary

The first of two volumes of homilies that were probably copied for and used by Wulfstan II, bishop of Worcester 1062-95. The second volume is Hatton 114, Hatton 113 and 114 were split by the early thirteenth century (Franzen 1998, p. 35). Ker 1957 argues that the two volumes were written to accompany Junius 121 (p. 399). Fols 1-115 are all homilies by Wulfstan except for two homilies by Ælfric and one ('Be ane munuccilde'; Napier 1883, XXXI; Cameron B.3.4.28) which Rudolf 2006 has identified as a translation of Libri miraculorum of Gregory of Tours; Rudolf discusses the possibility that this translation is drawn indirectly from one by Ælfric. The texts on fols 115-144 are all homilies by Ælfric. English and Latin annotations in several hands, ranging from s. xi3/4 to s. xiii1.


Object Description

Form

Codex

Support: Parchment. Leaves arranged HFFH. Fols i and 147 are medieval parchment flyleaves; fols 145-46 are paper leaves inserted by Dugdale, s. xvii.

Extent:

  • 255 mm x 158 mm (dimensions of all - size of leaves)
  • 200 mm x 95 mm (dimensions of all - size of written space)

Foliation/Pagination: Fols. i + 154 + iii, foliated i-xi, 1-147.

Collation:

Quires: 110, fols ii-xi; 2-188, fols 1-136; 198 3 and 6 are singletons, fols 137-144.

Signatures: Franzen 1998 reports that 'Quire signatures are marked in bottom margin of the first recto of Quires 3-16: 'p' (fol. 9), 'q' (fol. 17), 'r' (fol. 25), 's' (fol. 33), 't' (fol. 41), 'u' (fol. 49), 'x' (fol. 57), 'y' (fol. 65), 'z' (fol. 73), '&' (fol. 81), '˥' (fol. 89), 'w' (fol. 97), 'æ' (fol. 105), 'ï…‰' (fol. 113) (Robinson 1973, p. 450); they are probably a continuation of those in Junius 121, which has 'a'- 'n' on Quires 2-14'.  

Layout Description: Ruled for 23 long lines, with double bounding lines in both margins. Pricking generally visible in the side and top and bottom margins (Franzen 1998, p. 27). Fols 18r-24v have double runs of double pricking holes at left and right margin, unlike the surrounding folios which have double runs of single pricking holes.


Hand Description

Number of Hands: 4 in English, and glosses by the Tremulous Hand

Summary: Fols 1-144 were written by one scribe, probably between 1062 and 1070. This scribe also wrote the majority of Hatton 114 and probablyJunius 121 (Franzen 1998, p. 28). Another hand made some early additions, including a calendar and computus tables (fol. ii verso- xi recto); this hand also occurs in Hatton 114Junius 121, and other manuscripts (Franzen 1998). Coleman added notes, running headers and divisions within textual items between 1080 and 1100, and running heads were added by another hand between 1060 and 1080. The Tremulous Hand added glosses; mostly in a later phase of his career as his hand is 'particularly large and trembly', but earlier versions of his hand are also found scattered throughout (Franzen 1998, p. 28). Franzen 1998 (p. 28) notes 'nearly contemporary additions to the text and glosses are found in several hands ... which are often difficult to distinguish' from those by the Tremulous Hand. Rudolf 2006 provides a detailed discussion of the textual layout and annotations of the copy of Napier XXXI, and a transcription of the main text of this item which follows the manuscript layout and includes its annotations from the second half of the eleventh-century, excluding those by the Tremulous Hand.

Hand: main text 

Scope: major

Script: English Vernacular Minuscule

Ker reference: Ker 331 scribe 1

Description: Fols 1-144v. Worcester type.

Summary of the characteristics of the hand:

  • The shape of the second element of æ is influenced by the letter which succeeds it.
  • e is round-backed or horned depending on its place in the word and the following letter.
  • The descender of þ is notched. Most ascenders except that of þ are clubbed, but some ascenders have wedged clubs and some are wedged; for example, h and b, in English and Latin.

This hand also writes most of Hatton 114 and probably writes Junius 121

 

Hand: additions

Scope: major

Scribe: Ker 331 SC2

Script: English Vernacular Minuscule

Description: Fols ii v- xi v.

Summary of the characteristics of the hand: 'an attractive and unusual hand' (Ker 1957, p. 399).

  • Caroline a, sometimes with high tail.
  • e is almost round-backed.
  • is wide and open with long descender
  • or ligature is not very straight on the line.

 

Hand: marginal notes

Scope: major

Scribe: Coleman

Script: Rustic

Description: Found on fol. 78v signed as '[c]plfman' and unsigned in obits of fols ii- viii, notes on fols 39v-40r and marginalia on fols 70v, 78r, 108v, 128v and 134r.

Summary of the characteristics of the hand: Rustic capitals and some minuscule. 

Hand: additions

Scope: minor

Scribe: Tremulous Scribe

Script: English Vernacular Minuscule

Description: The Tremulous Hand makes some alterations to letters, usually vowels, and to some word-divisions.

Date: xiii1

Decoration Description

Franzen 1998 (p. 27), notes:

  • Fols 1-144v: headings in red rustic capitals, initials green or metallic red, usually alternating, and once blue. 
  • Calendar (fol. iiv): lines, headings and capitals in red apart from one line and one capital in blue.
  • Fols iiir-viiiv: headings, initials, capitals and some entries in red, green and blue. Capitals sometimes filled with red, green or blue.
  • Computus tables (fols ixr-xir): lines, headings and initials in red and green, but five large capitals on fol. x verso are blue and only red is used on fol. xi recto.
  • Table of contents (fol. xiv): numbers, headings, initials and lines in red and green
Binding Description

Pollard 1975 describes the binding as: '256 x 168 mm. Whittawed sheepskin over oak boards. Sewn on four bands of thong including the head- and tail-bands. The thongs are rather wide (13mm unsplit). Tabs at the head and tail of the spine. Traces of head and pin fastening. The bands enter tunnels and are pegged into grooves entirely on the inside of the boards. Bound (or entirely rebound) possibly at Worcester, about A.D. 1200 more than a hundred years after it was written' (p. 157). Ker (1957, p. 399) notes that 'Sermones anglice XX can be read on the spine [...] where, however, letters have been retouched'.

In the sixteenth century the inscription 'Liber Ecclesiæ Wygorn' was added in the top margin of fol. iir and subsequently erased. The manuscript was annotated by John Joscelyn and was a source for his Anglo-Saxon glossaries in London, Lambeth Palace 692, fol. 37.


Additional Information

Administration Information

Manuscript described by Mary Swan and Helen Foxhall Forbes with the assistance of Hollie Morgan (2010; 2013).

Surrogates

EM Project facsimile

Franzen, Christine, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile (Tempe, AZ.: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1998), vol. 6: Worcester Manuscripts


History

Origin

Written at Worcester. There are many references to Wulfstan and Worcester and the script is considered to be of Worcester type.

Provenance: Likely to have been in Worcester in the early thirteenth century, when the Tremulous Hand annotated it, and still in Worcester in 1622-23 when Patrick Young made his catalogue (Atkins and Ker 1944, no. 318).

Acquisition: Franzen 1998 (p. 27) notes 'borrowed by Christopher, Lord Hatton along with the other manuscripts that make up the Hatton collection [...] sometime before August 1644 when it was indexed by Dugdale (Oxford, Bodleian, Dugdale 29, fol. ivv)'. The manuscript was kept by Hatton's son after his death. In 1675 he gave it to the Bodleian Library. It was then lent to Dr Thomas Marshall, who lent it to Junius. It returned to the Bodleian with the Junius collection on Junius' death in 1678. The shelfmark was formerly Junius 99.

Provenance

Worcester

Bibliography

Atkins, Ivor, and Neil R. Ker, eds, Catalogus Librorum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Made in 1622-1623 by Patrick Young Librarian to King James I (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1944)

Bannister, H. M., 'Note on MS Hatton 113', in Early Worcester MSS, ed. by C. H. Turner (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1916), pp. lx- lxii

Bethurum, Dorothy, ed. The Homilies of Wulfstan (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957)

Clemoes, Peter, ed., Ælfric's Catholic Homilies: The First Series. Text, EETS, SS 17 (London: Oxford University Press, 1997)

Darlington, Reginald R., ed., The Vita Wulfstani of William of Malmesbury, Camden Society, 3rd Series, 40 (London: Camden Society, 1928)

Dewick, E. S., The Leofric Collectar Compared with the Collectar of St. Wulfstan, Together with Kindred Documents of Exeter and Worcester. 2 (London: Harrison, 1921)

Franzen, Christine, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile (Tempe, AZ.: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1998), vol. 6: Worcester Manuscripts

---, The Tremulous Hand of Worcester: A Study of Old English in the Thirteenth Century (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991)

Gneuss, Helmut, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100 (Tempe, AZ: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), item 637

Godden, Malcolm, ed., Ælfric's Catholic Homilies: The Second Series, EETS, SS 5 (London: Oxford University Press, 1979)

Ker, N. R., Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957; repr. 1990), item 331

---, 'The Date of the "Tremulous" Worcester Hand', Leeds Studies in English, 6 (1937), 28-29

---, 'Old English Notes Signed "Coleman"', Medium Ævum, 18 (1949), 27-30

Laing, Margaret, Catalogue of Sources for a Linguistic Atlas of Early Medieval English (Cambridge: D.S. Brewer, 1993), p. 134

McIntyre, E. A., 'Early-Twelfth-Century Worcester Cathedral Priory, with Special Reference to the Manuscripts Written There' (unpublished doctoral dissertation, University of Oxford, 1978)

Napier, Arthur Sampson, ed., Wulfstan: Sammlung der ihm zugeschriebenen Homilien nebst Untersuchungen uber ihre Echtheit, Sammlung englischer Denkmaeler in Kritischen Ausgaben, 4 (Berlin: Weidmannsche Buchhandlung, 1883)

Pollard, Graham, 'Some Anglo-Saxon Bookbindings', in The Book Collector (1975), 24, 130-59

Pope, John C., ed., Homilies of Ælfric: A Supplementary Collection, EETS, OS 259 and 260 (London: Oxford University Press, 1967-68)

Robinson, Fred C., 'Syntactical Glosses in Latin Manuscripts of Anglo- Saxon Provenance', Speculum, 48 (1973), 443-75

Rudolf, Winfried, 'The Source and Textual Identity of "Homily" Napier XXXI - Ælfric & The Munuccild of Saint-Maurice D'agaune',Review of English Studies, 57, no. 232 (2006), 607-22

Scragg, Donald, Alexander Rumble, and Kathryn Powell, C11 Database Project (Manchester Centre for Anglo-Saxon Studies, http://www.arts.manchester.ac.uk/mancass/c11database/; accessed in 2009). Available for limited viewing on the Internet Wayback Machine.

Scragg, D. G., ed., The Vercelli Homilies and Related Texts, EETS, OS 300 (Oxford: Published for the Early English Text Society by the Oxford University Press, 1992)

Thorpe, B., ed., The Homilies of the Anglo- Saxon Church: the First Part, Containing the Sermones Catholici, or Homilies of Ælfric(London: AElfric Society, 1844; repr. New York: Johnson Reprint, 1971)

Wanley, H., Librorum Veterum Septentrionalium Catalogus (Oxford, 1705)

Whitelock, Dorothy, ed., Sermo Lupi ad Anglos, 3rd edn (London: Methuen, 1963)

Available for limited viewing on the Internet Wayback Machine.