Oxford, Bodleian Library, Hatton 20 (4113)

Present Location
Repository
Collection
Shelfmark

20 (4113)

Date
Medieval Provenance

General Information

Ker

324

Gnuess/Lapidge

626

Summary

Twelfth-century scribbles in a ninth-century translation of Gregory's Regula Pastoralis. It also includes s. xiin alterations and Latin glosses by the Tremulous Hand, s. xiii1 (Ker 1957, p. 385 and Franzen 1998, pp. 12-13).


Object Description

Form

Codex

Support: Parchment.

Extent:

  • c. 274 mm x 215 mm (dimensions of most - size of leaves)
  • 225-205 mm x 175-157 mm (dimensions of all - size of written space)

Foliation/Pagination: Fols ii + 41 + i + 56 + i, foliated i, ii, 1-99

Collation:

Quires: 12, 2-58, 68 wants 8 after fol. 41, 7-138. All folios in Quires 7 and 9 are singletons, and also folios 2 and 7 in Quire 6, and 3 and 6 in Quire 4 (Franzen 1998, p. 12).

Layout Description: Ruled on hair side for 21-29 lines up to 30-31 lines. Single bounding lines, but Quires 5-7 have double inner binding lines (Franzen 1998, p. 11).


Hand Description

Number of Hands: 1

Summary: Ker distinguishes one main hand, datable 890-97, the hand of an annotator, probably Wulfstan's hand, s. xiin, the Tremulous Hand glossing in Latin and another hand annotating fols 53v and 55r, s. xii (Ker 1957, p. 285).

Hand: annotations

Scope: minor

Script: English Vernacular Minuscule

Ker reference: not in Ker

Description: Fols 53v and 55r. An English Vernacular Minuscule using insular forms.

Summary of the characteristics of the hand:

  • a: insular
  • ð: long ascender curving to the right and a round bowl
  • ƿ: with long tapered descender.

Date: s. xii

 

Hand: annotations

Scope: minor

Scribe: Tremulous

Script: English Vernacular Minuscule

Description: Latin annotations by Tremulous Hand (Franzen 1998).

Decoration Description

Titles of chapters are in red, often metallic. Initials are black filled with yellow, red and green on their own or in combination and have zoomorphic, interlace or other decoration. Sometimes colours are used to fill letters or ˥ which follows a mark of punctuation or other letters 'chosen for no apparent reason' (Franzen 1998, p. 11). There is a hardpoint drawing on fol. 5v.

Additions

Annotations by Archibishop Wulfstan, s. xi1, and other readers, s. x. Joscelyn's notes appear on fols 1r and 69v and Dugdale's on fol. ii (Ker 1957, p. 385).

Binding Description

Rebound, s. xvii/ xviii, along with Hatton 76Hatton 115 and Hatton 116 (Franzen 1998, p. 11).


Additional Information

Administration Information

Manuscript described by Orietta Da Rold with the assistance of Hollie Morgan and Sanne van der Schee with reference to published scholarship (2010; 2012).

Surrogates:

Franzen, Christine, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile (Tempe, AZ: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1998), vol. 6: Worcester Manuscripts

Roberts, Jane, Guide to Scripts Used in English Writings up to 1500 (London: British Library, 2005), p. 43, reproduction of fol. 6r.

Watson, Andrew G., Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 435-1600 in Oxford Libraries (Oxford; New York: Clarendon Press, 1984), n. 517, pl. 13.  


History

Origin

On fol. 1, there is a note 'Ƿiogora ceastre'. According to Franzen this validates the suggestion that this manuscript was sent to Wærferð, Bishop of Worcester as referred to in London, BL, Cotton Tiberius B. xi, same copy as the ones (now lost) sent to Archbishop Plegmund and Bishop Swithulf (Franzen 1998, pp. 11-12). Hatton 20 must have been copied between 890 and 897, possibly in Winchester (Ker 1957, pp. 384-86 and Franzen 1998, p. 10).

Provenance: The manuscript was in Worcester by the first half of the thirteenth century as it was annotated by the Tremulous Hand.

Acquisition: Archbishop Parker's secretary Joscelyn must have used it, it was then borrowed by Christopher, Lord Hatton before August 1644 and was used by Dugdale for his Old English-English dictionary, and Junius, who supplied the missing text on fol. 42 (now lost). After Hatton's death it was sold to the London bookseller Robert Scot, who sold it to the Bodleian Library in 1671 (Franzen 1998, p. 10).

Provenance

Worcester

Bibliography

Atkins, Ivor, and Neil R. Ker, eds, Catalogus Librorum Manuscriptorum Bibliothecae Made in 1622-1623 by Patrick Young Librarian to King James I (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1944)

Cameron, Angus, 'Middle English in Old English Manuscripts', in Chaucer and Middle English Studies in Honour of Rossell Hope Robbins, ed. Beryl Rowland (London: George Allen & Unwin, 1974), pp. 218-29

Clement, Richard W., 'The Production of the Pastoral Care: King Alfred and His Helpers', in Studies in Earlier Old English Prose, ed. by Paul E. Szarmach (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1986), pp. 129-52

Collier, Wendy, 'The Tremulous Worcester Hand and Gregory’s Pastoral Care', in Rewriting Old English in the Twelfth Century, ed. Mary Swan and Elaine Treharne, Cambridge Studies in Anglo-Saxon England 30 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), 195-208

Dobbie, Elliott van Kirk, ed., The Anglo-Saxon Minor Poems, The Anglo-Saxon Poetic Records, 6 (New York: Columbia University Press, 1942)

Franzen, Christine, Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts in Microfiche Facsimile (Tempe, AZ: Medieval and Renaissance Texts and Studies, 1998), vol. 6: Worcester Manuscripts

---, The Tremulous Hand of Worcester: A Study of Old English in the Thirteenth Century (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1991)

Gneuss, Helmut, Handlist of Anglo-Saxon Manuscripts: A List of Manuscripts and Manuscript Fragments Written or Owned in England up to 1100 (Tempe, AZ: Arizona Center for Medieval and Renaissance Studies, 2001), item 626

Hagedorn, Suzanne C., 'Received wisdom. The reception history of Alfred’s preface to the Pastoral Care', in Anglo-Saxonism and the Construction of Social Identity, ed. Allen J. Frantzen and John D. Niles (Gainesville: University Press of Florida, 1997), 86-107

Horgan, Dorothy M., 'The Old English Pastoral Care: The Scribal Contribution', in Studies in Earlier Old English Prose, ed. by Paul E. Szarmach (Albany: State University of New York Press, 1986), pp. 109-27

---, 'The Relationship between the O.E. MSS. of King Alfred's Translation of Gregory's Pastoral Care', Anglia, 91 (1973), 153-69

Kendrick, T. D., Anglo-Saxon Art (London: Methuen, 1938)

Ker, N. R., Catalogue of Manuscripts Containing Anglo-Saxon (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1957; repr. 1990), item 324

---, ed., The Pastoral Care, Early English Manuscripts in Facsimile (Copenhagen: Rosenhilde and Bagger 1956), vol. 6

Laing, Margaret, Catalogue of Sources for a Linguistic Atlas of Early Medieval English (Woodbridge: Brewer, 1993), pp. 132-33.

LUNA (http://bodley30.bodley.ox.ac.uk:8180/luna/servlet; accessed August 2010)

Roberts, Jane, Guide to Scripts Used in English Writings up to 1500 (London: British Library, 2005)

Sisam, Kenneth, 'The Publication of Alfred's Pastoral Care', in Studies in the History of Old English Literature (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953), pp. 140-47

---, Studies in the History of Old English Literature (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1953)

Tinti, Francesca, Sustaining Belief: The Church of Worcester from c. 870 to c. 1100 (Farnham: Ashgate, 2010)

Watson, Andrew G., Catalogue of Dated and Datable Manuscripts c. 435-1600 in Oxford Libraries (Oxford; New York: Clarendon Press, 1984)