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Cambridge, University Library, Kk. 3. 18

Present Location: 
Repository: 
Shelfmark: 
Kk. 3. 18
Date: 
Medieval Provenance: 
Decoration Description: 

Large initials; textual divisions: Book and chapter divisions are mostly marked with one-line (sometimes two-line) large initials throughout. The beginning of each book is in metallic red, and chapters begin with colour initials in red or purple. About half of the width of a letter is in the margin, and half is indented within the main text. The very beginning of the main text is marked with a three-line capital letter 'B' (fol. 20v). For the layout of fol. 8v, see also 5. Item (4) above. The final strokes of some of the large capitals have simple flourishes : 'F' (fol. 60r), 'Ƿ' (fol. 60v), 'M (fol. 61v), 'Ƿ' (fol. 79r), and so on. Some letters have more elaborate flourishes: 'O' (fol. 32r) and 'Ę' (fol. 47v). Some letters are written in black, and coloured with red: 'Ð' (fol. 6v), 'Ð' (fol. 9v), 'Ę' (fol. 20r), 'Ð' (fol. 20v).

    Capital letters; beginning of sentences: When the beginning of a sentence coincides with the beginning of a line, the capital letter is emphasised and set in the left bounding lines: 'S' (fol. 23r), 'Æ' (fol. 29r), 'N' and 'Ð' (fol. 29v), 'Ð' (fol. 31v), F (fol. 32r), F (fol. 32v), S (fol. 33r), Ð (fol. 35r) Ð (fol. 35r), Ð (fol. 36v), C (fol. 36v) and so on. Some of these are coloured; some are in black and touched in red. Some capital letters in the middle of the text are occasionally touched in red too: 'Ð' (fol. 28r), 'Ð' (fol. 34r), 'S' (fol. 46v), 'S' (fol. 59v), and several letters in fol. 83v are emphasized.

    Additions: 
    • Two kinds of paragraph marks are added in the margin by a later hand. The first one consists of lines and looks like a combination of a letter 'E' and a long vertical line which slants to the left at the bottom end (fols 27v, 35r, 98r, etc). The other is in a shape of usual paragraph mark, but the top horizontal line ends with a flourish which curls upward, and the vertical line extends downwards and ends with a flourish which curls upward to the left (fols 38v, 72r, 83v, etc). The former was probably added first, as in fol. 90r the former is physically erased and the latter is added on top.
    • Robert Talbot's notes.
    • In fol. 19v, left margin, there is a note drawing attention to Jewel's use of the OE Bede in his Defense of the Apologie (ed. 1571, p. 520).
    • References to other versions are added throughout the manuscript (fols 21r, 28r, 30v, 41r, etc).
    • As Miller 1959-63 says, on iv, there is a couplet in red which is repeated on fol. 99v: 'Historicus quondam fecit me Beda latinum, | Ælfred rex Saxo transtulit ille pius.'
    • On the first page 'Ælfred' is altered roughly into 'Ælured'.
    Binding Description: 

    Binding of s. xviii. There are 3 blank parchments at the beginning and 4 at the end, the first and last of all being pasted down in the binding. Marks on the endleaves show that an older binding had four bosses on each cover. Ker 1957 makes a reference to the s. xvi binding of CUL Ii. 2. 4, which had four bosses on each cover, now missing. The volume is now kept in a green box with red label and gold lettering.

    Accompanying Material: 

    Parchment flyleaves, s. xvi.